Sunday, December 17, 2006

Cameroon: Sexual Exploitation of Children Study

CAMEROON -- Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) has become a major concern around the world. Although many are still not aware of its effects, it is gaining grounds in African society. As a result, the State and international organs are very much concerned with such an act. Despite numerous studies conducted so far, it still remains difficult to establish exact statistics based on the global view of CSEC. Sexual exploitation of children exists in different forms such as child prostitution, pornography and trafficking of children for sexual purposes. CSEC is provoked by misery and poverty in most families, the limits of public politics on matters such as school attendance and education, the insufficiency of the State to effectively guarantee all the rights prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child of 19891 and those of the ILO Convention No 29 concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour adopted on 28 June 1930; Convention No 138 concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment adopted on the 26 June 1973 and Convention No 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour adopted on 17 June 1999 and ratified by Cameroon in 2000; and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which entered into force in November 1999.2 To resolve such issues as the definition of a child, the root causes of and forms of CESC in Cameroon, the profile of child sex exploiters and what can be done to eliminate CSEC, ECPAT, in collaboration with ASSEJA, launched a research on the commercial sexual exploitation of children in three towns in Cameroon: Yaoundé, Bamenda and Bertoua.


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