Her thesis is that sex trafficking is exacerbated by war, an idea she explores through invoking the tragic effects of the long civil war in Nepal upon women and children especially. Here is an excerpt from her essay entitled "Trafficking in Women Threatens Peace":
A nation at war is generally speaking a nation unable or unwilling to meet basic human needs. War-affected women are more likely to be sexually abused.
There have been no studies linking displacement and trafficking in women. Clearly, reliable studies and data on sexual exploitation and trafficking in women and the link to displacement are urgently needed.
The direct impacts of the war on women are wide ranging. Left without a home, and without income, Asian women end up begging or prostituting themselves in order to provide food.
Poverty was the main obstacle to the full realization of women's equality. It manifested itself in poor health, low levels of education, food insecurity and unemployment. Further, women constituted the majority of the population living in rural areas, and they suffered the consequences of unsophisticated farming practices and inadequate power infrastructure.
One of the most tragic consequences of the long civil war in Nepal has been the kidnapping of women and children. Displacement is the most common consequence of armed conflict and women the most affected member of the civilian population.
Many displaced women and their families are still without adequate shelter, and are among the most vulnerable. In addition, it is important to note that most women suffer the impacts of war in multiple ways.
Read more about Kamala Sarup here.